Things to know about Lord Krishna and His Wives

Hindu Mythology has always speculated about the wives of Lord Krishna where different Hindu Relics have different stories to tell about them. Some books say that he had eight wives but some say that he had Nine wives.

Following are the names unfolded by different Holy Relics:

There were eight wives listed by Bhagvata Purana:

  • Rukmini
  • Satyabhama
  • Jambavati
  • Kalindi
  • Mitravinda
  • Nagnajiti
  • Bhadra
  • Lakshmana

There were Nine wives according to Vishnu Purana:

  • Rukmini
  • Satyabhama
  • Jambavati
  • Kalindi
  • Mitravinda
  • Nagnajiti
  • Bhadra
  • Lakshmana
  • Rohini

Eight Wives listed in Mahabharata are:

  • Rukmini
  • Satyabhama
  • Jambavati
  • Mitravinda
  • Nagnajiti
  • Bhadra
  • Lakshmana
  • Rohini

Different Books have different versions. There were many stories related to each one of them.

Rukmini:

She was the incarnation of Goddess Lakshmi and wanted to stay with her husband Lord Vishnu on earth.

Rukmini was born as the daughter of Bhishmaka, the king of Vidarba( even the modern name of the place is same), Rukmini loved to hear about Krishna’s virtues, his charm and his naughtiness with Gopiyan in Gokul. Rukmi, Rukmini’s brother, knew about her love for Sri Krishna. Rukmi was an ally of Jarasandha, the enemy of Lord Krishna, and hence he wanted Rukmini to marry his friend Shishupala who was also an ally of Jarasandha.

Rukmi arranged for her marriage with Shishupala. When Rukmini heard of her brother’s plans, she immediately wrote a letter to Krishna expressing her feelings for him, detailing her brother’s plans and told Krishna to rescue her while on her way to the temple for the wedding. Krishna on getting the letter, immediately left for Vidarbha with his brother Balram.

Jarasandha had heard about Krishna’s plans from his spies and so he sent his army to march to Vidharbha and stop Krishna from reaching to Vidharbha. Bhishmaka, on hearing the news that Lord Krishna was on his way to Vidharbha, he had a palace made for him to rest on his way.

On the wedding day, Rukmini had reached the temple and could not find Krishna anywhere. She prayed to Goddess Parvati that Krishna comes and saves her. While as she stepped out of the temple, she saw Krishna coming and grabbing her into his arms and took her away on his chariot. All the kings and allies of Jarasandha chased Krishna but were faced by Balram who eventually defeated them.

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Lord Krishna finally married Rukmini.

Satyabhama and Jambavati :

Satyabhama was the incarnation of Mother Earth.

Satyabhama’s father Satrajit owned a divine jewel called Syamantaka. Krishna told Satrajit to send his jewel to Ugrasena so that it could be kept safe. Satrajit’s brother was on his way to Ugrasen when he was attacked by a Lion and got killed. Jambava, who served Lord Ram in his quest, had found the jewel and gave it to his daughter Jambavati to play with it. Satrajit blamed Krishna for the loss of jewel and accused him of robbery. Lord Krishna went on the quest to find the jewel to clear his name where ho got to know that Jambava had it. They fought a long Duel, but Jambava realized that Krishna was the avatar of Lord Vishnu, and he surrendered. He asked for Krishna’s forgiveness and gave his daughter Jambavati to marry him.

When Satrajit got to know of the development, he appologised to Krishna and asked him to marry his daughter Satyabhama.

Kalindi:

She was the daughter of the Sun God(Surya Devta) and is considered to be the deity of river Yamuna.

One fine day Krishna and Arjun were hunting in the forest when they came across a beautiful looking girl along the coast of Yamuna. Krishna told Arjun to enquire who she was, and she told him that she was the daughter of Surya and was in penance, she wanted to marry Lord Vishnu.

And hence Krishna married her.

Nagnajiti:

The daughter of Nagnajit, the king of Kosala who had taken a vow that he would marry his daughter to the one who tames his 7 bulls and puts noose on them.

Many had tried but failed miserably. When Krishna heard about it, he immediately left for Kosala. Krishna went into the field and assumed 7 forms and tamed all the bulls at the same time. He eventually married Nagnajiti.

Mitravinda:

She was a cousin of Krishna, he brothers wanted her to marry Duryodhan and arranged for her swayamvar. Mitravinda loved Krishna instead, and hence Balram advised Krishna to abduct her.

Krishna abducted Mitravinda and married her.

Lakshmana:

Lakshmana’s father, the king of Madra had arranged for her Swayamvar, where the archer was to hit the target to win the bride’s hand for marriage. Duryodhan and Jarasandh missed the targets and so did Arjun surprisingly, but intentionally. Krishna hits the target and marries Lakshmana.

Rohini: She is sometimes considered as Jambavati, but other scriptures mention her as among the 16100 wives and the chief among them.

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