7 Unknown facts about Makar Sankranti

Makar Sankranti

Makar  Sankranti  is  considered one  of  highly  auspicious  days in  a  Hindu  calendar .It is celebrated in almost all parts of India. The celebration is dedicated to the worship of  Surya  Deva (The Sun God). On this day ,Sun transits its first rays on Capricorn , thereby marking the end of Winter Solstice.It signifies the start of longer days.It is Harvest Festival.


Facts about Makar Sankranti

Makar Sankranti is one of Hindu Festivals that falls on same day every year .

Most Hindu festivals get their dates based on the position of the moon and are based on the lunar calendar. Thus, the dates of festivals change every year. But Makar Sankranti is a Hindu festival which falls on the same day every year as it follows the solar calender. However, once every eighty years, due to revolution, the day is postponed by one day. Makar Sankranti is celebrated on the 14th of January every year (sometimes on the 15th) for now.

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Sun rays enters the Capricorn

Sun Enters Capricorn

“Makar” means Capricorn and “Sankranti” means Movement  of Sun from one zodiac to other .So ,it literally means the movement of Sun into Capricorn.

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On Makar Sankranti, Day and Night are equal.


As Makar Sankranti is one of the oldest solstice festivals and falls on the equinox, day and night on this day are believed to be equally long. Post the festival, it is officially the beginning of spring or the onset of Indian summer and the days become longer, and nights shorter.

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One festival , Million Names

Makar Sankranti is predominantly a harvest festival and is celebrated throughout India, from north to south and east to west. It  is most popular in West India, down south, the festival is known as Pongal and in the north, it is celebrated as Lohri. Uttarayan, Maghi, Khichdi are some other names of the same festival.

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Makar Sankranti Sweet – Til-Gud Laddu

Makar Sankranti

Makar Sankranti is the festival of Til-gud  where sesame and jaggery laddoos or chikkis are eaten. There is a saying about Makar Sankranti  i.e. “Til-gul ghya ani gud gud bola“, which translates to ‘eat these sesame seeds and jaggery and speak sweet words’. This is a festival of  bonding where every member of society is asked to bury the hatchet with enemies and foes and start new live in peace. Also, it is a superstition that during the festival, the Sun God forgets his anger on his son Shani and visits him.Thus, everyone enjoys this festival and spreads joy around. Further ,eating sesame and jaggery is considered benificial to health as they are warm foods in winters.

Festival of Flying Kites


Ancient people believe that winters were considered as the month of growing of medical problems due to absence of Sunlight.On Makar Sankranti , people fly kites in order to bask their bodies to Sun, which is considered benificial as bacteria are cleared to certain by exposure to Sun rays.

Makar Sankranti – Markation of “Kumbh Mela”


Makar Sankranti is considered as the starting of Kumbh Mela in Uttar Pradesh . Further, it marks the end of austere pilgramages in south india. In other parts of the country , festival is  celebrated by taking a dip in the holy rivers flowing through states to cleanse themselves of sins. It is also believed that if you die during Makar Sankranti, you are not reborn but go directly to heaven.

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How to Celebrate Makar Sankranti

1. Increase sāttviktā: One should visit temple and attend satsang ,read spriritual books etc. One should avoid activities that increase Raja-Tama i.e. drinking alcohol, eating meat etc.

2. Increase sādhanā: Makar Sankranti is very good for sadhana, hence one should do maximum sadhana on this day which includes chanting the name of God.

3. Take a Holy bath: On Makar Sankranti, a Holy bath at any Holy place on the banks of the rivers Ganga, Yamuna, Krushna, Godavari, etc. yields great merits. Incase , you are far away from these sacred rivers, you should atleast take a bath by adding “Ganga Jal” in your water.

4. Make Donations and offerings: The Makar Sankranti marks the start of transition period. Any offerings / donations (dān) and meritorious acts done during this period definitely yield fruit. One can donate items like new utensils, clothes, food, sesame seeds, gold, land, etc. While giving the donation, one can chant the Name of God.

5.Flying Kites:Flying kites in early morning will benefit the skin and body as it is starting of longer days.

6.Sharing Tilgud ladoos: Til ladoos are considered good for health as they provide warmness to the body.

Few Pictures of Makar Sankranti Festival:

So ,this time when you celebrate makar sankranti you should know how and why you celebrate makar sankranti. “Happy Makar Sankranti 2018″.

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